On January 21, 2020, the House of Lords passed the bill after approving five amendments. However, these amendments were repealed by the House of Commons the next day.   Although the measure was initially included in the bill, it was repealed after Boris Johnson`s election victory in December, with the government insisting it would honour the commitment but seeing no need to include it in Brexit law. Soon after, a Fifth Amendment narrowly received peer support – with the government losing 239 votes to 235 – and amended the bill to take note of the Sewel Convention, according to which parliament should not legislate on decentralized matters without the consent of decentralized institutions. On July 24, 2018, the government presented a white paper on the proposed bill and how the legislation works.  The bill was first introduced by the government during the second session of the 57th Legislature on 21 October 2019 with the long title “A bill to implement, and make other provisions in verbindung with the agreement between the UK and the EU under Article 50(2) of the Treaty on European Union which sets out the terms of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU”. [ 3]  This bill was not further discussed after second reading in the House of Commons on October 22, 2019, and lapsed on November 6 when Parliament was dissolved in preparation for the 2019 parliamentary elections. As an important draft constitution, the committee phase will take place in the House. The committee phase of the process is dominated by the amendments proposed by MEPs.
The reporting phase is one where the government will have the opportunity to show its hand and make further concessions in response to the amendments proposed by MPs. The third reading is then an opportunity for Members to approve or reject the MCA as amended during the committee and report phase. If the MCC has undergone significant changes in the House of Commons, which seems likely, third reading could be the critical moment that will decide whether the UK leaves with a deal on October 31. A number of clauses from the previous version of the bill have been deleted. This could be a major stumbling block for MPs trying to shape or stop the Withdrawal Agreement after second reading. In 1972, when the House of Commons considered the European Communities Act, the then President of Ways and Means, Robert Grant-Ferris, ruled that the changes intended to change the text of the Treaties were not in order. Barclay was pressured by MPs to explain his argument. Yvette Cooper, the former chair of Labour`s home affairs committee, said she did not understand the active decision to remove the measure from the bill. In two days of debate, the House of Lords voted in favour of five amendments that led the new government to its first parliamentary defeats.
After winning a Conservative majority in the election, the bill was revised and reintroduced on December 19 and passed second reading the following day. With the revision of the bill in December, the provisions made in previous versions on parliamentary oversight of the Brexit negotiations were removed.  There are circumstances in which a bill may receive Royal Assent without the consent of the House of Lords, but with the exception of bank notes, this can only be done with a delay of at least one year after second reading in the House of Commons (under the Parliament Act, 1949). While the passage of the Withdrawal Agreement (Wab), which translates the agreement into legislation, became a formality after Johnson won a clear majority in december`s election, it is nevertheless a symbolically significant moment after Theresa May`s plan was rejected three times by MPs. The WAB converts Boris Johnson`s withdrawal agreement, which is a draft international treaty, into British law and gives the government permission to ratify it. Members discussed key aspects of the bill at second reading on Monday, January 13. Participating members included the opposition spokesman for leaving the EU and the leader of the Liberal Democrats in the Lords. Members approved all amendments tabled by the House of Commons without division (vote). After the entry into force of the MCA, the Withdrawal Agreement must also be ratified by the European Parliament. The bill was first presented to Parliament on 21 October 2019, but entered into force on 6 November with the dissolution of Parliament in preparation for the December 2019 parliamentary elections. This was one of five amendments to the EU Withdrawal Agreement that were adopted by peers and have now been rescinded. The bill implements the government`s Brexit deal.
No amendments were put to the vote at the Lords Committee stage, but five amendments were tabled at the reporting stage on Monday 20 and Tuesday 21 January. Peers approved Boris Johnson`s Brexit bill, but not before making changes to the legislation. The legislature is expected to receive Royal Assent within days after its peers agreed to end the parliamentary “ping-pong” phase in which it travels between the two houses until an agreement is reached. The Lords see themselves as the guardians of the Constitution and will almost certainly make changes to the most important areas of constitutional importance. If the amendments are rejected by lawmakers on Wednesday – likely due to the conservative majority of 80 people in the House of Representatives – the so-called “ping-pong” period between the two chambers will begin. After the two chambers agreed on the text of the law, it received royal approval on January 23. Royal ascension is the monarch`s consent to make the bill an act of parliament (law). Described by The Independent as a government “closing” off conservative rebels, the bill as originally conceived would have allowed MPs to review each agreement “line by line” and make changes.  Conservative MP Steve Baker, who wrote for the Times, claimed that the new bill “gives every deal we make with the EU the right place in BRITISH law” and that it is compatible with the referendum result by “giving the British Parliament more control over how we are governed”.  On Wednesday, January 22, 2020, the House of Commons will consider the House of Lords` amendments to the European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Bill 2019-21. .