Strong Cross-Cultural Agreement


Very few studies have compared assessments of facial attractiveness between African nationals and individuals from industrialized countries. Martin [7] asked black Nigerians, white Americans and African Americans to judge the facial appeal of a small, un standardized set of 10 magazine images of “probably” black women. Surprisingly, they found greater correspondence between black Nigerians and white Americans than between black Nigerians and African-Americans when judging black images of women [7]. Silva et al. [11] found a significant intercultural convergence in appreciating a small subsample (N-16) of American faces in attractive facial judgments between Senegalese and British rural judges. To our knowledge, no previous study has tested an intercultural agreement on attractiveness preferences between African and Western nationals on their ethnic faces and others. Consistent with the langlois et al. [4] meta-analysis, we found significant correspondence between African and Scottish observers in their preferred facial condition activities, given the significant correlations between average attractiveness assessments (and high reliability between boards, beyond attractiveness judgments); Table S1) of the different groups of participants. The correlation observed between the attractiveness assessments of African and Scottish observers (r -0.62) was similar to previous correlations between populations influenced by Western culture. B, including the Americans and Koreans (r – 0.64). [8]) and the United States, Brazil and Russia (average r – 0.64; [6]).

These results are further evidence of significant cross-cultural convergence in attractiveness preferences. In the late 1960s, Izard and Ekman showed in separate studies photographs from Tomkins` own collection for people from different literary, western and non-Western cultures. They found a strong intercultural convergence in the marking of these expressions. Let`s do science correctly first. In his great book The Expression of Emotions in Man and Animals (1872), Darwin never asserted that all facial expressions were universal, only a certain series of expressions that he had observed and studied. Nearly a hundred years later, Silvan Tomkins helped Ekman and Carrol Izard refine and complete Darwin`s list. In the late 1960s, Izard and Ekman showed, in separate studies, photographs from Tomkins` collection, people from different literary cultures, westerns and non-westerns. They found a strong intercultural convergence in the marking of these expressions. Ekman concluded that media observation could be responsible for a cultural agreement by studying in a Stone Age culture in New Guinea people who had seen few or no outsiders or media portrayals of emotions. These ancestors also recognized the same emotions when they showed Darwin Tomkins` set. The ability of people from radically different cultures to identify facial expressions with terms from a list of emotional notions has been repeated almost 200 times.