Council Of Trent Agreement

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The most important weight in the decrees of the Council is taught to the sacraments. The seven sacraments were confirmed and the Eucharist was pronounced as a true propaganda sacrifice and as a sacrament in which bread and wine were consecrated to the Eucharist (thirteenth and twenty-second sessions). The term transubstantiation was used by the Council, but the specific aristetic statement given by scolasticism was not cited as dogmatic. Instead, the decree says that Christ, in consecrated forms, is “really, really, substantially present.” The sacrifice of the Mass was to be presented to the dead and the living, and to give the apostles the commandment “Do this in memory of me,” Christ entrusted them with a priestly power. The practice of depriving the laity of the cup has been confirmed as that offered by the Fathers of the Church for good and sufficient reasons; but in some cases the Pope has been appointed supreme arbiter on whether the rule should be strictly upheld. [11] In the language of Mass, “contrary to what is often said,” the Council condemned the belief that only popular languages should be used while insisting on the use of Latin. [22] – Julius III did not live to convene the Council. He followed Marcellus II (1555), a former cardinal of Trent, Marcello Cervino; Marcellus died 22 days after his election. His successor, the austere Paul IV (1555-9), undertook vigorous internal reforms both in Rome and in other parts of the Church; But he did not seriously want to convene the Council. Pius IV (1559-65) announced to the cardinals, shortly after his election, his intention to reopen the Council. Indeed, he had found the man of the situation, his nephew, the archbishop of Milan, Charles Borromeo, to carry out the important work and make use of his decisions in the Church. Many difficulties were again raised in different pages.

Emperor Ferdinand wanted the council, but wanted it to be held in a German city and not in Trento; He also wished that it would not meet as an extension of the old Assembly, but as a new Council. The King of France also wanted the composition of a new Council, but he did not want it to be in Trento. The Protestants of Germany worked in all respects against the composition of the Council. After long negotiations, Ferdinand, the kings of Spain and Portugal, Catholic Switzerland and Venice left the cause to the pope. On 29 November 1560 the “Ad ecclesiae regimen” bubble was published, with which the Council was to meet again at Trento at Easter 1561. Despite the best efforts of the papal nuncios Delfino and Commendone, the German Protestants maintained their resistance. Cardinal Ercole Gonzaga has been appointed President of the Council; He was supported by cardinals Stanislas Hosius, Jacobus Puteus (of Puy), Jerome Seripando, Luigi Simonetta and Marcus Siticus of Altemps. As the bishops appeared very slowly, the opening of the Council was delayed. The seventeenth session finally took place on 18 January 1562; it announced the revocation of the Council`s suspension and appointed the date for the next session. Beside the four cardinalsia, a cardinal, three patriarchs, eleven archbishops, forty bishops, four abbots and four generals of Orders were present; In addition, 34 theologians were present. The ambassadors of the princes caused a great deal of trouble to the Presidents of the Council and made sometimes impossible demands.

The Protestants continued to poop the assembly. Emperor Ferdinand wanted the discussion on dogmatic issues to be postponed.