Arusha Peace And Reconciliation Agreement For Burundi


When President Nyerere launched the Arusha peace process in 1998, the CNDD-FDD had split into three factions and Pierre Nkurunziza, then commander-in-chief of the movement, was fighting for control of the largest of them. The mediation team removed him from the negotiating table until he reconciled his movement and negotiated with one voice, a request his commanders considered “in the form of a “protector”. The movement`s relations with the mediation team and with regional countries have become increasingly difficult. This reinforced an acute aversion to perceived regional “harassment,” which represents Burundi`s deep-seated cultural aversion to outside interference. Article 8: Principles and Measures on National Reconciliation Immediately after the signing of the agreement, the Government of Burundi calls on the United Nations to establish an international peacekeeping force in accordance with the purposes of Article 27, paragraph 5, of The Agreement`s Protocol III. The practice of the United Nations in this regard must be taken into account. This force is particularly responsible: the Arusha Agreement provides for the establishment of the Implementation Monitoring Committee (ICN) with representatives of the government, representatives of rebel movements, the United Nations, the African Union and regional peace initiatives for Burundi. In particular, BMI was responsible for monitoring, monitoring, coordinating and effectively implementing all provisions of the agreement. The MSC will also provide guidance for the establishment of other commissions and subcommittees in accordance with the agreement.

Physical reconstruction and political reconstruction must support each other. Political reconstruction aims to enable national reconciliation and peaceful coexistence and must aim at establishing the rule of law. In this context, the following programmes and actions are implemented: the six major Burudians who were commissioned by the Committee were Mr. Charles Bitariho, Mr. Elie Buconyori, Ms. Ruth Gakima, Ms. Liberate Kiburago, Mr. Gerard Niyungeko and Mr. Jean-Berchmans Nterere. The OAU appointed Mr. Mamdou Bah.2 The Great Lake region and donors were not yet ready to appoint their representatives.

The first BMI meeting took place on November 30, 2000 (3). The second session, held on 1 December 2000, in 2002, the BMI worked with the government on various laws, including freedom of action for political parties, provisional immunities, the genocide law and the creation of a National Committee for Refugees and Disaster (CNRS). Agreement of 2 December 2002, which was a major achievement of the peace process.8 On 25 January 2010, the Ombudsman`s office was established and Parliament elected Mohamed Rukara, a member of the CNDD-FDD, as the first mediator.